[ti:Protests Continue in Chile After Replacement of Cabinet]
[00:00.04]For two weeks, hundreds of thousands of people have been demonstrating in Chile's capital, Santiago.
[00:10.00]Fresh demonstrations and attacks on businesses were reported Monday.
[00:17.00]Thousands of protesters crowded into central Santiago.
[00:22.96]One group set fire to a building that houses a fast-food restaurant and stores.
[00:31.68]President Sebastián Pi?era has tried to show Chileans
[00:37.11]that he is listening to protesters' calls for greater equality and improved social services.
[00:46.64]Since the unrest began, Pi?era has replaced eight Cabinet ministers
[00:52.60]with ministers whose politics are said to be more centrist.
[00:59.04]Also on Monday, looters attacked a drug store,
[01:03.36]and there was an attempt to set a train station on fire.
[01:09.00]Hundreds of thousands of people tried to get home from work
[01:13.97]on free buses that officials sent to replace trains.
[01:20.16]The trains have been out of service because of attacks on train stations over the past week.
[01:28.20]Santiago has the most modern public transportation system in Latin America.
[01:36.96]Pi?era has replaced the heads of the interior, treasury, economy,
[01:43.48]labor and four other ministries with generally younger officials.
[01:50.36]Political observers say the appointees are thought to be more centrist and accessible.
[01:58.68]"Chile has changed and the government must change," Chile's president said.
[02:05.96]By Monday, the government had announced no policies to answer the protests
[02:12.03]over poor social services and the high cost of living.
[02:17.64]"A new Cabinet isn't enough. We need real changes in healthcare,
[02:22.88]education, pensions," said 34-year-old Omar Soto.
[02:28.80]He operates a mobile phone business.
[02:33.08]Almost all of the protesters say they are angry with what they call
[02:38.12]the neoliberalism that has left Chile with poor public services.
[02:44.16]These include the private pension system and health and education systems
[02:50.33]that are a mix of public and private,
[02:53.60]with better results only for those who have money for the high costs.
[03:00.76]Many Chileans talk of waiting a year for an appointment with a medical specialist,
[03:07.89]or families receiving calls to get appointments for loved ones who died months earlier.
[03:16.96]Hundreds of thousands of people are struggling with educational loans
[03:22.57]that can follow them into their 40s and even 50s.
[03:29.04]"Last Friday we had a peaceful protest and, being peaceful, they didn't listen to us,"
[03:36.00]said a protester named Sebastián.
[03:40.28]"You have to get their attention somehow."
[03:43.22]Sebastián is a 25-year-old welder who did not give his last name, saying he feared authorities.
[03:53.84]The government answered the demonstrations and looting with a military operation
[03:59.89]that has left more than 1,000 people hurt.
[04:05.00]Some were partially blinded by police or soldiers' gunshot pellets.
[04:11.56]That information comes from the National Human Rights Institute
[04:16.67]and the Chilean College of Medicine.
[04:20.76]At least 20 people have died as a result of the 11 days of violence.
[04:27.37]But it is unclear how many were killed by police and how many by looters.
[04:36.16]On Monday, the U.N. High Commissioner on Human Rights,
[04:40.51]former Chilean President Michelle Bachelet, sent a delegation to Chile to investigate.
[04:49.68]Amnesty International also sent a team.
[04:54.88]From overseas, Chile is seen as a Latin American success story.
[05:00.96]It has had democratically elected presidents. Its economy has grown.
[05:07.08]Poverty is down.
[05:09.14]And Chile won Latin America's highest score
[05:13.65]on the United Nations Human Development Index, or HDI.
[05:19.96]The HDI compares life expectancy rates, education and national income per person.
[05:27.72]In 2010, Chile became the second Latin member of the Organization
[05:34.03]for Economic Cooperation and Development, or OECD, after Mexico.
[05:41.32]Yet, a 2017 United Nations report found that the richest one percent
[05:48.32]of Chile's population earns 33 percent of the nation's wealth.
[05:54.44]That helps make Chile the most unequal country in the OECD, slightly worse than Mexico.
[06:03.68]Pi?era himself is a billionaire, one of Chile's richest men.
[06:09.96]Comparably, a 2017 study showed that the richest one percent
[06:15.69]in the United States owned 40% of the nation's wealth.
[06:21.28]I'm John Russell.
[06:22.96]And I'm Alice Bryant. 更多聽力請訪問51VOA.COM