[ti:Protests Continue in Chile After Replacement of Cabinet] [by:www.otzgay.live] [00:00.00]更多聽力請訪問51VOA.COM [00:00.04]For two weeks, hundreds of thousands of people have been demonstrating in Chile's capital, Santiago. [00:10.00]Fresh demonstrations and attacks on businesses were reported Monday. [00:17.00]Thousands of protesters crowded into central Santiago. [00:22.96]One group set fire to a building that houses a fast-food restaurant and stores. [00:31.68]President Sebastián Pi?era has tried to show Chileans [00:37.11]that he is listening to protesters' calls for greater equality and improved social services. [00:46.64]Since the unrest began, Pi?era has replaced eight Cabinet ministers [00:52.60]with ministers whose politics are said to be more centrist. [00:59.04]Also on Monday, looters attacked a drug store, [01:03.36]and there was an attempt to set a train station on fire. [01:09.00]Hundreds of thousands of people tried to get home from work [01:13.97]on free buses that officials sent to replace trains. [01:20.16]The trains have been out of service because of attacks on train stations over the past week. [01:28.20]Santiago has the most modern public transportation system in Latin America. [01:36.96]Pi?era has replaced the heads of the interior, treasury, economy, [01:43.48]labor and four other ministries with generally younger officials. [01:50.36]Political observers say the appointees are thought to be more centrist and accessible. [01:58.68]"Chile has changed and the government must change," Chile's president said. [02:05.96]By Monday, the government had announced no policies to answer the protests [02:12.03]over poor social services and the high cost of living. [02:17.64]"A new Cabinet isn't enough. We need real changes in healthcare, [02:22.88]education, pensions," said 34-year-old Omar Soto. [02:28.80]He operates a mobile phone business. [02:33.08]Almost all of the protesters say they are angry with what they call [02:38.12]the neoliberalism that has left Chile with poor public services. [02:44.16]These include the private pension system and health and education systems [02:50.33]that are a mix of public and private, [02:53.60]with better results only for those who have money for the high costs. [03:00.76]Many Chileans talk of waiting a year for an appointment with a medical specialist, [03:07.89]or families receiving calls to get appointments for loved ones who died months earlier. [03:16.96]Hundreds of thousands of people are struggling with educational loans [03:22.57]that can follow them into their 40s and even 50s. [03:29.04]"Last Friday we had a peaceful protest and, being peaceful, they didn't listen to us," [03:36.00]said a protester named Sebastián. [03:40.28]"You have to get their attention somehow." [03:43.22]Sebastián is a 25-year-old welder who did not give his last name, saying he feared authorities. [03:53.84]The government answered the demonstrations and looting with a military operation [03:59.89]that has left more than 1,000 people hurt. [04:05.00]Some were partially blinded by police or soldiers' gunshot pellets. [04:11.56]That information comes from the National Human Rights Institute [04:16.67]and the Chilean College of Medicine. [04:20.76]At least 20 people have died as a result of the 11 days of violence. [04:27.37]But it is unclear how many were killed by police and how many by looters. [04:36.16]On Monday, the U.N. High Commissioner on Human Rights, [04:40.51]former Chilean President Michelle Bachelet, sent a delegation to Chile to investigate. [04:49.68]Amnesty International also sent a team. [04:54.88]From overseas, Chile is seen as a Latin American success story. [05:00.96]It has had democratically elected presidents. Its economy has grown. [05:07.08]Poverty is down. [05:09.14]And Chile won Latin America's highest score [05:13.65]on the United Nations Human Development Index, or HDI. [05:19.96]The HDI compares life expectancy rates, education and national income per person. [05:27.72]In 2010, Chile became the second Latin member of the Organization [05:34.03]for Economic Cooperation and Development, or OECD, after Mexico. [05:41.32]Yet, a 2017 United Nations report found that the richest one percent [05:48.32]of Chile's population earns 33 percent of the nation's wealth. [05:54.44]That helps make Chile the most unequal country in the OECD, slightly worse than Mexico. [06:03.68]Pi?era himself is a billionaire, one of Chile's richest men. [06:09.96]Comparably, a 2017 study showed that the richest one percent [06:15.69]in the United States owned 40% of the nation's wealth. [06:21.28]I'm John Russell. [06:22.96]And I'm Alice Bryant. 更多聽力請訪問51VOA.COM 宁夏11选5推荐号码