美國大學體育協會投票允許大學生運動員賺錢

    The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) has taken the first step toward permitting college athletes to make money from their "name, image and likeness."
    美國大學體育協會已經邁出了第一步,允許大學生運動員通過他們的“名字、肖像”賺錢。

    The NCAA Board of Governors voted on the issue Tuesday during a meeting at Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia.
    美國大學體育協會理事會周二在喬治亞州亞特蘭大市埃默里大學舉行的會議上對該問題進行了投票。

    The United States' largest governing body for college sports said it understands that it "must embrace change to provide the best possible experience for college athletes."
    這家美國最大的大學體育管理機構表示,它懂得該協會“必須擁抱變革,為大學生運動員提供最佳的可能體驗。”

    NCAA rules have long barred players from employing agents. It has also generally refused to let schools pay players.
    美國大學體育協會的規定一直禁止運動員聘請經紀人。它通常也拒絕學校向運動員付錢。

    The board has asked each of the NCAA's three divisions to begin creating new rules that protect amateurism and permit players to make money. The divisions must establish the new rules by January 2021.
    該理事會已經要求美國大學體育協會三個部門各自開始制定新規定,以保護業余原則并允許運動員賺錢。這些部門必須在2021年1月之前制定出新規定。

    Board chair Michael V. Drake said in a statement Tuesday, "The board is emphasizing that change must be consistent with the values of college sports and higher education and not turn student-athletes into employees of institutions."
    理事會主席邁克爾·德雷克周二在一份聲明中表示:“董事會強調,變革必須與大學體育和高等教育的價值觀相符,并且不能將學生運動員變成機構的員工。”

    Late last month, California passed a law permitting college athletes to hire agents and make money from endorsement deals. The law protects athletes who sign such deals from dismissal by their team.
    上個月底,加州通過了一項法律,允許大學生運動員聘請經紀人并通過代言協議賺錢。這項法律保護簽署此類協議的運動員不被其運動隊開除。

    The California law is set to take effect in 2023. Other states are moving on similar legislation that could go into effect as soon as 2020.
    這項加州法律定于2023年生效。其它州也在制定類似法律,最快可能于2020年生效。

    The NCAA has 1,100 member schools and almost 500,000 athletes. It has refused to pay players in most cases. But it has permitted some exceptions. Olympians, for example, can accept winnings they receive from earning medals.
    美國大學體育協會擁有1100所會員學校和近50萬名運動員。該協會在大多數情況下都拒絕向運動員付錢。但是它也允許一些例外。例如,奧運選手可以接受獲得獎牌的獎金。

    And major athletic conferences have been able to give players wages of between $2,000 and $4,000 a year.
    同時大型運動協會每年能給運動員發放2千到4千美元的工資。

    The NCAA reported $1.1 billion in earnings in 2017.
    美國大學體育協會報告2017年的收入為11億美元。

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